Health (WHO definition)
- Is a complete state of physical, mental and social well being, and not only the absence of illness, pain or discapacity.(WHO, 1947)
- Well being:
Refers to attitudes and behaviours that improve our quality of life and help us to be in an optimum state of health.“Is an active process which focuses on improving our life-style in every aspect.” (Donatell, Snow & Wilcox, 1999, p.7).
- The concept of Health includes physical, mental, social, emotional and spiritual dimensions which are interdependant and integrate human beings. Man functions as a complete entity in relation with the world that surrounds him.
- Its main purpose is to achieve an optimal quality of life by means of appropriate behaviours that can ensure healthy living.
(Gordon, Golanty, & Browm, 1999, p. 6; Hahn, & Payne, 1999, p. 3).
Factors which influence our health
– Features and characteristics that are passed on biologically by both parents.
– Everything that surrounds you.
– Set of beliefs, customs and behaviours
Health as a personal responsability
- Each one of us determines, to a great extent, our quality of life.
- No one else can regulate our personal habits.
- Good health isn’t a question of luck or destiny, but of good habits.
- The individual behaviour that impairs our health is the most important factor in developing disease.
- Individual hygiene
- Early medical evaluation
- Environmental Sanitation
- Accident prevention
- Clinics for discapacitating illnesses
- Comfortable housing
(Adequate life styles)
- Regular Exercising.
- Higher involvement in recreational activities.
- Adequate Nutrition.
- Stress management.
- No smoking.
- No alcohol consumption (or moderate consumption).
- Sleep 7 to 8 hours.
- Follow safety measures.
- Help less fortunate people.
- Adequate hygiene habits.
The main factor affecting our well being is our life style or health behavior. It is our responsibility to modify our behavior towards more health-oriented activities. 84 percent of death-causing factors can be controlled by us. The only factor affecting health that cannot be modified is hereditary.
References•Merki, D. and Merki M.B.; Salud, Una guía para el bienestar. Colombia, Mc Graw hill 2004. 7ª ed.•Aguilar E. and Jáuregui A.; Domina la salud integral. México, Editorial Árbol, 1996.