Guidelines of Martian health
If we want to create a healthy community on Mars we have to regulate some aspects of the astronauts’ lives as their habits, their diet and their routines; all of these factors that determine the health of a human. Basically taking any food from Earth to Mars is almost impossible, so the astronauts’ diet will be based on food that can be grown at a greenhouse in Mars. Here are the guidelines that we, as a Multicultural team, established after a thorough analysis.
- Hydrating and energy drinks
Energy and hydrating drinks have no therapeutic benefit, and many ingredients are understudied and not regulated. The known and unknown of the agents included in such drinks, combined with reports of toxicity, raises concern for potentially serious adverse effects in association with energy drink use; so these drinks are discarded from the astronauts’ at all.
For calcium we should not take milk to Mars because milk has hormones that can affect your health. The vitamins that the milk provides can be obtained from substitute foods like vegetables, green leaves, peanuts and whole grains.
- Red meat
Even though red meat is a great source of proteins, taking meat to Mars would be unpractical and extremely expensive. Astronauts can live with the nutrients from vegetables such as soy beans, nuts and seeds such as Pumpkin, Squash, and Watermelon Seeds, Peanuts, Almonds, etc.
- Artificial sugars
Sugar is not part of basic alimentation; therefore we will not take artificial sugars at all. We do not need pure sugars because fruits have already the necessary amount of sugar needed.
Basically what we’re proposing to do is to take just high nutrient foods that can cover all the nutrients that we daily need to be healthy. Soy beans, nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruit will be essential.
Emotional and psychological issues
Living in a little isolated community in Mars will present a great challenge to astronauts. They will have to learn techniques to solve conflicts, reduce pain and loneliness, manage effective communication among them, and most important to deal with the isolation and avoid depression. Astronauts will be well- trained here on Earth on all the following skills.
- Conflict resolution
As in any relationship astronauts will need to listen to the other to avoid feeling lonely. After listening, try to understand each problem and reach the best solution all together.
- Anxiety disorders
These disorders are the body’s natural response to danger situation. It these cases medication will be needed, behavioral therapy. There’s no way to be prevented but it can be controlled or lessen symptoms. Alternative therapies can be applied to improve healing.
- Mood Disorders
They are mental health problems with no exact cause known. They can affect anyone but is more likely to affect a person who had a relative with it. Females can be more susceptible to depression. People who have genes of mood disorders will not be taken to mars. A psychiatrist MD will be taken to Mars, just in case.
- Ethics/Conduct code
Astronauts will have to follow certain rules and obey an ethic code to maintain among the community a friendly and respectful environment. Some of the main values we considered important to take are TRUST, FRATERNITY, HONESTY, JUSTICE, LIBERTY, PEACE, RESPECT, LIABILITY, SOLIDARITY and TRUTH.
- Sexuality and affective bonding in space
In such a small space the emotions need to be expressed and strong relations caused by affective bonds will be needed, so sex will be permitted in mars. A specialist will examine every astronaut before they leave to outer space, so they are 100% sexually healthy. Contraceptive methods will be a must; obviously Mars is not a place to raise child and having a baby will interfere with the astronauts’ capacity to accomplish their mission.
- Empathy and Tolerance
Taking another the other astronaut’s perspective and “putting oneself in another person’s shoes” will play a key role so the astronauts have good relations and avoid conflicts.
- Leisure Time
A healthy routine for the astronauts will be established: eight hours of work, eight hours of sleeping time, eight hours of leisure time (typical day in mars) which include activities such as excercise/physical activity, studying, maintenance, research, etc. Social networks such as Facebook would be one of the greatest ways to avoid boredom even though communication in real-time is impossible.
- Communication Skills
Astronauts will be trained on speaking and listening techniques so they’re able to express their ideas and points of view in a clear and concise way in order to persuade and negotiate among them.
All the applicants for astronauts will have to pass through a simulation in order to know who can handle the conditions; people selected for the mission need to be intensely trained. People will be well-trained here on Earth, before they go to outer space. A rigorous analysis of DNA will be performed to all the aspirants to go on the mission. A psychological and mental preparation will be given to the astronauts so they can deal with the isolation and anxiety. Musical instruments, games, electronic books, and stuff to pass free time will be taken. Specialists and professionals on psychological issues will be part of the crew, as well as a leader in charge of assure that the ethic code is being followed.