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Mexico’s Health Stats

 Global Data

According to 2009 data from the World Health Organization in Mexico. [1]

  • Life expectancy is 73 years for men and 76 for women with an average of 76 years in general.
  • The rate of deaths in children under 5 per 1,000 is 17.
  • The rate of deaths before and during labor is 85 per 100,000 births.
  • The death rate from 15 to 59 years is 122 per 1,000 inhabitants.

During 2010, were reported in the whole country 592, 018 deaths, which is a general mortality rate of 5.27 per 1, 000 inhabitants. According to World Bank data the crude mortality rate in Mexico has changed little since 1980.

Principal causes of death in Mexico

The main cause of death in Mexico is diabetes mellitus, mainly type 2. The leading causes of death in Mexico are non-communicable diseases (NCD).  According to the World Health Organization the probability of dying of NCDs between the age of 30 and 70 in Mexico is between 20 and 24%. [2]

proportional mortality

The following chart shows the proportional mortality of the high-income group in Mexico. It is very clear that most of the people in this social group die of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, etc. This trend can be explained due to the lifestyle of these people. Their habits and behaviors such as current daily tobacco smoking, alcoholism and physical inactivity are contributing factors to the development of such chronic diseases. Furthermore it should be noted that this group is not as susceptible to infectious diseases such as people living in poverty and unsanitary conditions.

Non-communicable diseases have a relatively easy way to prevent. Having good eating habits, exercise regularly, having moments of relaxation and abstinence from substances harmful to health, such as tobacco, drugs and alcohol  the possibilities of getting a chronic disease are almost nulls.

Leading diseases of death in 2008 in Mexico [3]

Cause

Deaths

Rate (deaths per 100,000 pop.)

Percentage (%)

1. Diabetes mellitus 75,572 70.8 14
2. Ischemic heart disease 59,579 55.8 11.1
3. Cerebrovascular disease 30, 212 28.3 5.6

leading causes of death 2008

Leading causes of death by age group in 2008 in Mexico.[4]

Position

Under age 1

Preschool (1-4 years)

School age (5-14 years)

Productive age (15-64 years)

  • Male
  • Female

Post-productive age (65 years and more)

  • Male
  • Female
1. Certain malfunctions generated in the prenatal period. (50%). Intestinal infectious diseases. (8%) Crashes(13.4%) Diabetes mellitus(37.5%) Ischaemic heart disease(14.46%)
2. Congenital malformations of the heart. (9.6%) Acute lower respiratory infections.(7.8%).  Leukemia.(8.7%) Ischaemic heart disease(12.1%) Diabetes mellitus (13.6%)
3. Acute lower respiratory infections. (5.8%) Crashes(7.4%). Accidental drowning and submersion.  (4.8%)

Cirrhosis and other

chronic liver

diseases

(9.6%)

Cerebro-vascularDisease(7.2%)

Chronic

 Obstructive

 pulmonary disease (5.4%)

4. Intestinal infectious diseases.(2.5%) Congenital malformations of the heart.  (6.8%) Suicide(2.9%) Crashes(21.5%)

Breast cancer (8.9%)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(7.1%)

           Hypertension disease (4.9%)

5. To protein-energy malnutrition. (1.5%)  Accidental drowning and submersion (5.1%) Homicide. (2.9%) Homicide(21.3%)

 Cerebro-vascular

disease (8.9%)

Cirrhosis andother chronicliver

diseases

(4.7%)

Acute lower

respiratory infections (3.3%)

MORBIDITY IN MEXICO

Major public health problems in Mexico

  • Obesity: The biggest health problem in Mexico is obesity; it badly affects about 70 million Mexicans, making Mexico the most obese country in the world, according to the WHO, obesity and its complications account for about 10% of the health budget in Mexico. Mexico not only ranks worldwide in obesity in adults but also in childhood obesity, more than 4 million children in Mexico are obese. [5]
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2: The DM-2 is the leading cause of death in Mexico. Since 1998, it had a mortality rate 9.4% of all deaths; by 2008 this rate increased to 14%. Each year 400,000 new cases are reported. [6]
  • Ischemic heart disease is the second cause of death in the country. According to a study made in Mexico City in 2009, in groups of low social status, the incidence of myocardial infarction was very high. The high incidence of ischemic heart disease in Mexico and the world are directly related to the increased prevalence and incidence of these risk factors (obesity, diabetes mellitus, etc.).

 

Sources:

[1] Organización Mundial de la Salud (2009). «México: Health Profile» (en inglés). Consultado el 18 de julio de 2011.

[2] OMS (ed.): «Estadísticas Sanitarias Mundiales 2012» (en español) (PDF). Estadísticas Sanitarias Mundiales. OMS (2012). Consultado el 14 de Agosto de 2012.

[3] National Institutes of Health (2002). «Health care quality improvement in México: challenges, opportunities, and progress» (en inglés). Consultado el 19 de julio de 2011.

[4] SINAIS (ed.): «Principales causas de mortalidad infantil» (en español) (Excel). Estadísticas por tema: Mortalidad: Información tabular. México: SINAIS (2008). Consultado el 15 de Agosto de 2012.

[5] El sobrepeso y la obesidad acaparan el presupuesto de salud en México», NacionalCNN México, 2 de Febrero de 2011. Consultado el 16 de agosto de 2012.

[6] Vázquez Castellanos, José Luis; Panduro Cerda, Arturo (2001). «Diabetes melitis tipo 2: un problema epidemiológico y de emergencia en México». Investigación en alud (México: Universidad de Guadalajara) 3:  pp. 18-26. ISSN  . Consultado el 17 de agosto de 2012.


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